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Common Crack Cocaine Side Effects

a person sits against a couch with their head in their hands while showing crack cocaine side effects

Crack cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug derived from powder cocaine, which is made from the leaves of the coca plant. Because of how it is ingested, the effects of crack are instantaneous but short-lived. When the “rush” of a crack cocaine high wears off, withdrawal symptoms emerge quickly, making individuals more likely to abuse it to maintain their high. This quick succession of repeated use makes crack cocaine seem more addictive than powder cocaine.

Addiction to crack cocaine or powder cocaine can happen quickly and have severe, life-altering consequences. If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, seeking professional help is critical. Evoke Wellness at Cohasset offers crack cocaine addiction detox in Massachusetts. Our state-of-the-art facilities provide a safe, supportive environment where patients receive comprehensive care from our highly experienced staff.

When you are ready to begin your recovery journey, we are here to help. Call 866.931.6429 to learn more.

Understanding Crack vs. Cocaine

While derived from the same plant, crack and cocaine differ in their chemical composition, methods of use, and impacts on the body. Following is a look at the main differences between crack and cocaine:

  • Chemical composition – Cocaine is a white crystalline powder. Crack is the powder form processed with baking soda and water to create small, rock-like crystals.
  • Method of use – Cocaine is snorted through the nostrils or mixed with water and injected intravenously, while crack is heated and smoked.
  • Onset and duration – Snorting or injecting cocaine has a slower onset, with longer-lasting effects (15-60 minutes). Smoking crack produces instantaneous but short-lived effects (5-10 minutes).
  • Intensity – Powder cocaine produces less intense but more prolonged effects. Due to rapid absorption into the bloodstream through the lungs, the “high” from crack is more intense.
  •  Addiction potential – While both are highly addictive, crack is often considered more so because of its compulsive use.
  • Social perception – Cocaine is expensive and associated with wealthier communities, while crack is cheap and associated with lower-income communities. Where cocaine use is often glorified, crack use is villainized.

Powder cocaine and crack cocaine both pose serious health risks, including overdose, cardiovascular issues, respiratory problems, mental health complications, and addiction.

What Are Crack Cocaine Side Effects?

Crack cocaine affects the brain’s reward system by increasing dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and reward, producing increased energy and a euphoric high. Repeated use disrupts natural dopamine regulation, creating a more substantial need for the drug and diminished enjoyment from ordinary activities.

Crack cocaine use is associated with a range of short- and long-term adverse side effects.

Short-Term Side Effects

  • Euphoria
  • Increased alertness
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability and agitation
  • Dilated pupils
  • Anxiety and panic attacks
  • Insomnia
  • Intense cravings

Long-Term Side Effects

  • Tolerance
  • Physical health problems
  • Mental health disturbances
  • Cognitive impairments
  • Financial and social consequences
  • Legal issues
  • Addiction
  • Increased risk of relapse

Crack cocaine use produces intense psychological and physical effects that become more pronounced with increased use. Because crack cocaine is so highly addictive, few can break the cycle of addiction without professional interventions.

Our Crack Cocaine Addiction Treatment Program

At Evoke Wellness at Cohasset, our highly experienced treatment team of physicians, nurses, psychiatrists, therapists, and support staff provide compassionate, comprehensive care to help patients heal mentally, physically, and emotionally.

In addition to a medically supervised detox, we provide:

At Evoke Wellness at Cohasset, we understand that embarking on the journey to recovery can be challenging, but we assure you that you do not have to face it alone. We are here to walk with you every step of the way, providing comprehensive and personalized support to guide you toward a healthier, happier, and substance-free life.

Get Help with Crack Cocaine Addiction Detox in Massachusetts at Evoke Wellness

Crack cocaine addiction has devastating effects on individuals and their loved ones. Seeking professional help is critical to lasting recovery. Early intervention can minimize the long-term physical, psychological, and social consequences of crack cocaine addiction.

Here, patients can uncover the roots of substance use disorders with evidence-based, holistic addiction treatment and learn healthy coping skills needed for long-term recovery. Get the help you deserve today. Our admissions counselors are available 24/7. Call 866.931.6429 or reach out online.