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Different Types of Bipolar Disorder

two people talk about the types of bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, a condition marked by extreme mood swings, is often misunderstood. It is critical to recognize that there are different types of bipolar disorder, each with its unique symptoms and nuances. Understanding these types is the first step towards managing the disorder and providing the proper support. Bipolar disorder treatment can significantly help and support those dealing with one of these disorders. Contact Evoke Wellness at Cohasset at 866.931.6429 for more information on our mental health programs.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

There are three primary types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and Cyclothymic Disorder.

  • Bipolar I disorder – Characterized by manic episodes that last at least seven days or by manic symptoms so severe that immediate hospital care is needed. These manic periods may be preceded or followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes.
  • Bipolar II disorder – Diagnosed when a person has experienced at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode. Although the symptoms can cause significant distress, they do not meet the criteria for mania seen in Bipolar I.
  • Cyclothymic disorder – Although milder in intensity, this type is marked by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well as numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least two years (1 year in children and adolescents).

In addition to these, there are other important aspects to consider. While these are not a specific diagnosis, these characteristics help with treatment and diagnosis:

  • Mixed features – You can experience symptoms of mania and depression together. This means you may feel very sad and depressed while feeling extremely energized.
  • Rapid cycling – If you experience four or more mood episodes within a 12-month period, you may be diagnosed with rapid cycling. This term describes the frequency of distinct periods of mood episodes.
  • Psychotic features – Severe episodes of mania or depression may include psychotic features, such as hallucinations or delusions. These symptoms can also occur as a result of other conditions, so it is essential to discuss them with a healthcare professional.

Early intervention and consistent treatment can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals living with bipolar disorder, highlighting the importance of understanding and recognizing the symptoms of this condition.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

The symptoms of bipolar disorder can vary significantly depending on the type and severity of the condition. However, some common symptoms that may indicate the presence of this disorder include:

  • Elevated mood – Individuals may experience uncharacteristic euphoria, appearing exceptionally joyful or excitable.
  • Increased energy and restlessness – Sudden bursts of energy leading to increased activity and feeling restless.
  • Rapid speech – A noticeable increase in the pace of speech, often jumping from one idea to another.
  • Impaired judgment – Manifesting in risky behaviors or unwise decisions, often with little consideration for potential consequences.
  • Decreased need for sleep – Feeling refreshed after very little sleep.
  • Depression – Periods of prolonged sadness, hopelessness, or loss of interest in activities once enjoyed.
  • Changes in appetite or weight – Significant weight loss or gain, or drastic changes in eating habits.

Recognizing these symptoms is the first step toward diagnosis and treatment. If you or a loved one are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’sessentialt to consult a healthcare professional for an evaluation.

Risks of Leaving Bipolar Disorder Untreated

Neglecting treatment for bipolar disorder can lead to severe consequences, including an increased risk of suicide, substance abuse, and legal or financial problems. There is evidence that repeated episodes may cause brain damage, making it essential to seek proper treatment and maintain consistency in managing the condition.

It is also important to remember that bipolar disorder can significantly impact relationships with family, friends, and colleagues. As such, seeking treatment improves your well-being and can strengthen and repair these vital connections.

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

Treatment for bipolar disorder is typically multifaceted, encompassing medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. Medication, such as mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants, plays a crucial role in managing the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Therapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and family-focused therapy, can help individuals understand their condition better, manage their symptoms, and improve their relationships.

Lifestyle changes, like regular physical exercise, a balanced diet, adequate sleep, and avoidance of alcohol, caffeine, and illicit substances, can also significantly aid in symptom management. It’s important to remember that every individual is unique, and a treatment plan should be tailored to meet each person’s specific needs.

Contact Evoke Wellness at Cohasset for Treatment

Contact Evoke Wellness at Cohasset at 866.931.6429 to learn more about our treatment programs for bipolar disorder.