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Common Types of Benzos

a person counts out pills from a bottle to show types of benzos

If you or a loved one are struggling with benzodiazepine addiction, know that you are not alone. Acknowledging the need for help is a courageous step towards a healthier, more fulfilling life. At Evoke Wellness at Cohasset, we understand the challenges and complexities of addiction recovery, and we’re here to offer a compassionate hand. We will explore the common types of benzos and shed light on their effects. With our evidence-based treatment programs, personalized care, and supportive community, you can find hope, healing, and lasting recovery. Call us at 866.931.6429 to learn more about our benzo addiction treatment program.

Understanding Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines, commonly referred to as “benzos,” are a class of psychoactive drugs. They are typically prescribed for conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. They are also used for alcohol withdrawal and as a premedication in anesthesia.

Despite their broad range of therapeutic uses, benzos carry a risk of dependency and misuse. They can be very effective when used in the short term and under a doctor’s guidance. However, prolonged use or abuse can lead to addiction and serious health problems, hence the need for monitored administration.

How Benzodiazepines Work

Benzodiazepines work by enhancing the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) at the GABA_A receptor in the brain. GABA is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter and is responsible for reducing neuronal excitability throughout the nervous system. By enhancing GABA’s effect, benzos help to slow down the brain’s activities, leading to a calming effect on the mind and body.

This calming effect can reduce feelings of anxiety and stress, relax muscles, prevent seizures, and help with sleep problems. However, the same mechanism can also lead to the sedative and addictive properties of benzodiazepines when they are misused.

Common Types of Benzos

There are many different types of benzodiazepines, each differing in potency, duration of effect, and specific therapeutic use. Some of the most commonly prescribed types of benzos include:

  • Alprazolam (Xanax) – This medication is one of the most widely prescribed benzodiazepines. It is commonly used to treat panic disorders and anxiety. Alprazolam acts quickly and has a short half-life, which may contribute to its potential for misuse and dependence.
  • Diazepam (Valium) – Diazepam is used to treat a variety of conditions, including anxiety, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and muscle spasms. It also has anticonvulsant properties, making it useful in treating seizures.
  • Lorazepam (Ativan) – Lorazepam is used for the short-term relief of severe anxiety and is especially effective in managing symptoms of acute anxiety and panic attacks. It is also used to manage insomnia and seizures, as well as for sedation before medical procedures.
  • Clonazepam (Klonopin) – This drug is used to prevent and control seizures. It’s also used to treat panic attacks. Clonazepam works by calming the brain and nerves, and it falls under the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.
  • Temazepam (Restoril) – Temazepam is typically used to treat insomnia. It is a hypnotic drug that works by slowing activity in the brain, allowing for better sleep.
  • Oxazepam (Serax) – Oxazepam is typically used in the treatment of anxiety and also for alcohol withdrawal syndrome. It has a slower onset of action than other benzos, making it less likely to be misused.

Some common signs of benzo abuse include excessive drowsiness, confusion, poor coordination, slurred speech, and memory problems. Users may also display mood swings, irritability, and exhibit secretive behavior. Physical dependence can develop quickly, leading to withdrawal symptoms when attempting to stop. If you or someone you know shows these signs, seeking professional help and guidance is essential to address the issue and prevent further harm.

Benzodiazepine Abuse Treatment at Evoke Wellness at Cohasset

Evoke Wellness at Cohasset provides an empathetic and supportive environment for individuals who are battling benzodiazepine abuse. Our facility offers comprehensive treatment programs designed to address the physical dependence on benzos and the underlying psychological issues often accompanying addiction. Call us at 866.931.6429 to learn more or fill our our online form.