Methylphenidate or Ritalin is a CNS (central nervous system) psychostimulant. It increases the activity of the central nervous system by acting as a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor, so it increases dopamine and norepinephrine.
How Does Methylphenidate Work?
Methylphenidate is mainly used to treat ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). Still, it has also been used to treat other disorders such as depression, narcolepsy, cancer, brain injury, pain, and cognitive disorders. In someone with ADHD, methylphenidate helps to improve focus, concentration and helps to reduce impulsive behavior. Methylphenidate can also promote wakefulness and decrease appetite. Methylphenidate has a high potential for abuse and is often abused by adults and teens seeking a high. Therefore, it is classified as a Schedule II narcotic. Schedule II drugs have a medically recognized therapeutic purpose, but they also have a high potential for abuse.
The Similarities and Differences Between Methylphenidate And Amphetamine
Methylphenidate is not an amphetamine. Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and methamphetamine/amphetamine (Adderall) are both stimulants. They work by increasing the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. These drugs are very similar, but they do differ; the biggest difference is their main ingredients. Also, methylphenidate is a short-acting drug and starts working faster than Adderall. However, Adderall stays in the body longer than methylphenidate. The half-life for methylphenidate is 3 to 4 hours, while the half-life of Adderall is 10 to 13 hours.
Methylphenidate and Adderall Are Effective Medications For Treating Narcolepsy
Both methylphenidate and Adderall are effective medications for treating ADHD and narcolepsy. However, clinical trials have shown that methylphenidate is a more effective first-line treatment for children and adolescents with ADHD, while in adults, Adderall is usually preferred. The chances of becoming addicted to either of these stimulants are high, and just like other drug addictions, it is not good for your health. Is it possible that you’re wondering what an amphetamine is and what effects it will have on your body?
What is an Amphetamine?
Amphetamines are central nervous system (CNS) psychostimulants that are mainly used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy. They increase certain types of neurotransmitters in the brain, particularly dopamine and norepinephrine. Amphetamines can improve focus, concentration and reduce impulsive behavior in those with ADHD. They can also produce increased energy, reduced appetite, and euphoria. The National Library of Medicine’s MedlinePlus says,
Amphetamines are stimulant drugs. They make the messages between your brain and body move faster. As a result, you are more alert and physically active. Some people use amphetamines to help them stay awake on the job or to study for a test. Others use them to boost their performance in sports. Amphetamines also cause the brain to release dopamine. Dopamine is a chemical that is involved with mood, thinking, and movement. It is also called the feel-good brain chemical. Using amphetamines may cause pleasurable effects such as joy (euphoria, or “flash” or “rush”) and less inhibition, similar to being drunk, feeling as if your thinking is extremely clear, feeling more in control, self-confident, wanting to be with and talk to people (more sociable), and increased energy. (NLM)
Amphetamines are highly addictive and very commonly abused. They are used for some medical conditions, but they are also used recreationally and for non-medical purposes.
Treatment for Methylphenidate Addiction With Evoke Wellnes MA
If you or someone you love struggles with an addiction to methylphenidate, our addiction specialists are available around the clock to assist you. Evoke Wellness at Cohasset offers evidence-based addiction treatment. Our solution-focused addiction treatment will lead you on the road to long-lasting recovery. So you don’t have to suffer any longer, call us today. Our addiction specialists are available around the clock, and all calls are free and confidential. Let us help you to live a happier and healthier lifestyle free from addiction.